There are four quadrants used to organize the past and the future views of the developing world. These quadrants are optimistic, pessimistic, determinate and indeterminate.
China is currently thought to be pessimistic/determinate meaning it has a clear view of where it would like to be in twenty years but at the same time China is worried about whether or not they will get there in this modern time frame. China is more likely to save money, then invest money over the next few decades.
“China will be a somewhat poorer version of the developed world, people will become old before they become rich” - Peter Thiel, Co-founder, PayPal.
America is thought to have fell in to a quadrant called indeterminate optimism. Presently, the United States is believed to have both a low amount of investment and a low amount of saving, this is arguably the most unstable position for a country to be in.
“One of the strange things about indeterminate optimism is that its the quadrant that has low savings and low investment. Is it possible for the future to be better when no one saves and no one invests? Because no one is thinking and everyone is outsourcing all of the thinking to other people.” - Peter Thiel, Co-Founder, PayPal.
Both Japan and Europe are thought to be indeterminate/pessimistic meaning the future does not look bright and no body is sure what to do about it.